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Applied Physics for EEE Stream (BPHYE102/202)

Applied Physics for EEE Stream

Course Code: BPHYE102/202
CIE Marks:50
Course Type (Theory/Practical/Integrated )
Integrated SEE Marks:50
Total Marks:100
Teaching Hours/Week (L:T:P: S) 2:2:2:0
Exam Hours:03
Total Hours of Pedagogy 40 hours+10-12 Lab Slots 


Quantum Mechanics:de Broglie Hypothesis and Matter Waves, de Broglie wavelength and derivation of expression by analogy, Phase Velocity and Group Velocity, Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle and its application (Non existence of electron inside the nucleus-Non Relativistic), Principle of Complementarity, Wave Function, Time independent Schrödinger wave equation, Physical Significance of a wave function and Born Interpretation, Expectation value, Eigen functions and Eigen Values, Particle inside one dimensional infinite potential well, Waveforms and Probabilities. Numerical Problems

Pre-requisite: Wave–Particle dualism

Self-learning: de Broglie Hypothesis

Click here to download Module-1


Electrical Properties of Solids:Conductors: Quantum Free Electron Theory of Metals: Assumptions, Fermi-energy, Fermi factor, Variation of Fermi Factor with Temperature and Energy, Mention of expression for electrical conductivity. Dielectric Properties: Polar and non-polar dielectrics, Electrical Polarization Mechanisms, internal fields in solids, Clausius-Mossotti equation (Derivation), Solid, Liquid and Gaseous dielectrics. Application of dielectrics in transformers, Capacitors, Electrical Insulation. Numerical Problems. Superconductivity: Introduction to Superconductors, Temperature dependence of resistivity, Meissner Effect, Critical Field,Temperature dependence of Critical field, Types of Super Conductors, BCS theory (Qualitative), High Temperature superconductivity, SQUID, MAGLEV, Numerical problems.

Pre-requisites: Classical Free Electron Theory

Self-learning: Dielectrics Basics

Click here to download Module-2


Lasers and Optical Fibers:Lasers: Characteristics of LASER, Interaction of radiation with matter, Expression for Energy Density and itssignificance. Requisites of a Laser System. Conditions for Laser action. Principle, Construction and Working of Carbon Dioxide Laser. Application of Lasers in Defense (Laser range finder) and Laser Printing. Numerical Problems Optical Fibers: Total Internal Reflection, Propagation mechanism, Angle of Acceptance, Numerical Aperture,Fractional Index Change, Modes of Propagation, Number of Modes and V Number, Types of Optical Fibers. Attenuation and Mention of Expression for Attenuation coefficient, Attenuation Spectrum of an Optical Fiber with Optical Windows. Discussion of Block Diagram of Point to Point Communication, Intensity based Fiber Optic Displacement Sensor, Merits and Demerits, Numerical problems.

Pre-requisite: Properties of light

Self-learning: Total Internal Reflection

Click here to download Module-3


Maxwell’s Equations and EM waves: Maxwell’s Equations: Fundamentals of Vector Calculus. Divergence and Curl of Electric field and Magnetic field(static), Gauss’ divergence theorem and Stoke’s theorem. Description of laws of Electrostatics, Magnetism,Faraday’s laws of EMI, Current Density, Equation of Continuity, Displacement Current (with derivation),Maxwell’s equations in vacuum, Numerical Problems EM Waves: The wave equation in differential form in free space (Derivation of the equation using Maxwell’s equations), Plane Electromagnetic Waves in vacuum, their transverse nature.

Pre-requisite:Electricity & Magnetism

Self-learning: Fundamentals of vector calculus.

Click here to download Module-4


Semiconductors and Devices:Fermi level in Intrinsic & Extrinsic Semiconductor, Expression for concentration of electrons in conduction band & holes concentration in valance band (only mention the expression),Relation between Fermi energy & Energy gap in intrinsic semiconductors(derivation), Law of mass action, Electrical conductivity of a semiconductor (derivation),Hall effect, Expression for Hall coefficient (derivation) and its application. Photo-diode and Power responsivity,Construction and working of Semiconducting Laser, Four probe method to determine resistivity, Phototransistor, Numerical problems.

Pre-requisite: Basics ofSemiconductors

Self-learning: Fermi level in Intrinsic & Extrinsic Semiconductor

Click here to download Module-5 (To be Updated soon)

Suggested Learning Resources:

Books (Title of the Book/Name of the author/Name of the publisher/Edition and Year)

1. A Textbook of Engineering Physics- M.N. Avadhanulu and P.G. Kshirsagar, 10th revised Ed, S. Chand. & Company Ltd, New Delhi.

2. An Introduction to Lasers theory and applications by M.N.Avadhanulu and P.S. Hemne revised Edition 2012. S.Chand and Company Ltd -New Delhi.

3. Engineering Physics-Gaur and Gupta-Dhanpat Rai Publications-2017.

4. Concepts of Modern Physics-Arthur Beiser: 6th Ed;Tata McGraw Hill Edu Pvt Ltd- New Delhi 2006.

5. Fundamentals of Fibre Optics in Telecommunication & Sensor Systems, B.P. Pal, New Age InternationalPublishers.

6. Introduction to Electrodynamics, David Griffith, 4th Edition, Cambridge University Press 2017.

7. Lasers and Non Linear Optics – B.B. Laud, 3rd Ed, New Age International Publishers 2011.

8. LASERS Principles, Types and Applications by K.R. Nambiar-New Age International Publishers.

9. Solid State Physics-S O Pillai, 8th Ed- New Age International Publishers-2018.

Web links and Video Lectures (e-Resources):



Quantum mechanics:https://nptel.ac.in/courses/115/104/115104096/


Numerical Aperture of fiber:https://bop-iitk.vlabs.ac.in/exp/numerical-aperture-measurement

Activity Based Learning (Suggested Activities in Class)/ Practical Based learning








List of Experiments

1. Determination of wavelength of LASER using Diffraction Grating.

2. Determination of acceptance angle and numerical aperture of the given Optical Fiber.

3. Determination of Magnetic Flux Density at any point along the axis of a circular coil.

4. Determination of resistivity of a semiconductor by Four Probe Method

5. Study the I-V Characteristics of the Given Bipolar Junction Transistor.

6. Determination of dielectric constant of the material of capacitor by Charging and Discharging method.

7. Study the Characteristics of a Photo-Diode and to determine the power responsivity / Verification ofInverse Square Law of Intensity of Light.

8. Study the frequency response of Series & Parallel LCR circuits.

9. Determination of Plank’s Constant using LEDs.

10. Determination of Fermi Energy of Copper.

11. Identification of circuit elements in a Black Box and determination of values of the components.

12. Determination of Energy gap of the given Semiconductor.

13. Step Interactive Physical Simulations.

14. Study of motion using spread Sheets

15. Study of Application of Statistics using spread sheets

16. PHET Interactive

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